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kmime_util.h

/*  -*- c++ -*-
    kmime_util.h

    KMime, the KDE internet mail/usenet news message library.
    Copyright (c) 2001 the KMime authors.
    See file AUTHORS for details

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU Library General Public
    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
    version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
    Library General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Library General Public License
    along with this library; see the file COPYING.LIB.  If not, write to
    the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
    Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA.
*/
#ifndef __KMIME_UTIL_H__
#define __KMIME_UTIL_H__

#include "qdatetime.h"
#include "qstring.h"
#include "qcstring.h"
#include "qvaluelist.h"
#include "time.h"

typedef QValueList<QCString> QCStringList;

namespace KMime {

  /** Consult the charset cache. Only used for reducing mem usage by
      keeping strings in a common repository.*/
  extern const char* cachedCharset(const QCString &name);

  /** Consult the language cache. Only used for reducing mem usage by
      keeping strings in a common repository.*/
  extern const char* cachedLanguage(const QCString &name);

  /** checks whether @p s contains any non-us-ascii characters */
  extern bool isUsAscii(const QString &s);

  inline bool isOfSet(const uchar map[16], unsigned char ch) {
    Q_ASSERT( ch < 128 );
    return ( map[ ch/8 ] & 0x80 >> ch%8 );
  }

  extern const uchar specialsMap[16];
  extern const uchar tSpecialsMap[16];
  extern const uchar aTextMap[16];
  extern const uchar tTextMap[16];
  extern const uchar eTextMap[16];

  inline bool isSpecial(char ch) {
    return isOfSet( specialsMap, ch );
  }
  inline bool isTSpecial(char ch) {
    return isOfSet( tSpecialsMap, ch );
  }
  inline bool isAText(char ch) {
    return isOfSet( aTextMap, ch );
  }
  inline bool isTText(char ch) {
    return isOfSet( tTextMap, ch );
  }
  inline bool isEText(char ch) {
    return isOfSet( eTextMap, ch );
  }

  /** Decode string @p src according to RFC2047 (ie. the
      =?charset?[qb]?encoded?= construct).
      @param src       source string.
      @param usedCS    the detected charset is returned here
      @param defaultCS the charset to use in case the detected
                       one isn't known to us.
      @param forceCS   force the use of the default charset.
      @return the decoded string.
  */
  extern QString decodeRFC2047String(const QCString &src, const char **usedCS,
                             const QCString &defaultCS, bool forceCS);

  extern QCString decodeQP(const QCString& input);

  /** Encode string @p src according to RFC2047 using charset
      @p charset.
      @param src           source string.
      @param charset       charset to use.
      @param addressheader if this flag is true, all special chars
                           like <,>,[,],... will be encoded, too.
      @param allow8BitHeaders if this flag is true, 8Bit headers
                           are allowed.
      @return the encoded string.
  */
  extern QCString encodeRFC2047String(const QString &src, const char *charset,
                              bool addressHeader=false, bool allow8bitHeaders=false);

  /** Uses current time, pid and random numbers to construct a string
      that aims to be unique on a per-host basis (ie. for the local
      part of a message-id or for multipart boundaries.
      @return the unique string.
      @see multiPartBoundary
  */
  extern QCString uniqueString();

  /** Constructs a random string (sans leading/trailing "--") that can
      be used as a multipart delimiter (ie. as @p boundary parameter
      to a multipart/... content-type).
      @return the randomized string.
      @see uniqueString
  */
  extern QCString multiPartBoundary();

  /** Tries to extract the header with name @p name from the string
      @p src, unfolding it if necessary.
      @param src  the source string.
      @param name the name of the header to search for.
      @return the first instance of the header @p name in @p src
              or a null QCString if no such header was found.
  */
  extern QCString extractHeader(const QCString &src, const char *name);
  /** Converts all occurrences of "\r\n" (CRLF) in @p s to "\n" (LF).

      This function is expensive and should be used only if the mail
      will be stored locally. All decode functions can cope with both
      line endings.
      @param s source string containing CRLF's
      @return the string with CRLF's substitued for LF's
      @see CRLFtoLF(const char*) LFtoCRLF
  */
  extern QCString CRLFtoLF(const QCString &s);
  /** Converts all occurrences of "\r\n" (CRLF) in @p s to "\n" (LF).

      This function is expensive and should be used only if the mail
      will be stored locally. All decode functions can cope with both
      line endings.
      @param s source string containing CRLF's
      @return the string with CRLF's substitued for LF's
      @see CRLFtoLF(const QCString&) LFtoCRLF
  */
  extern QCString CRLFtoLF(const char *s);
  /** Converts all occurrences of "\n" (LF) in @p s to "\r\n" (CRLF).

      This function is expensive and should be used only if the mail
      will be transmitted as an RFC822 message later. All decode
      functions can cope with and all encode functions can optionally
      produce both line endings, which is much faster.

      @param s source string containing CRLF's
      @return the string with CRLF's substitued for LF's
      @see CRLFtoLF(const QCString&) LFtoCRLF
  */
  extern QCString LFtoCRLF(const QCString &s);

  /** Removes quote (DQUOTE) characters and decodes "quoted-pairs"
      (ie. backslash-escaped characters)
      @param str the string to work on.
      @see addQuotes
  */
  extern void removeQuots(QCString &str);
  /** Removes quote (DQUOTE) characters and decodes "quoted-pairs"
      (ie. backslash-escaped characters)
      @param str the string to work on.
      @see addQuotes
  */
  extern void removeQuots(QString &str);
  /** Converts the given string into a quoted-string if
      the string contains any special characters
      (ie. one of ()<>@,.;:[]=\").
      @param str us-ascii string to work on.
      @param forceQuotes if @p true, always add quote characters.
  */
  extern void addQuotes(QCString &str, bool forceQuotes);


  /**
   * @short class abstracting date formatting
   *
   * DateFormatter deals with different kinds of date
   * display formats. The formats supported by the class include:
   * <ul>
   *     <li> fancy "Today 02:08:35"
   *     <li> ctime "Sun Mar 31 02:08:35 2002"
   *     <li> localized "2002-03-31 02:08"
   *     <li> iso  "2002-03-31 02:08:35"
   *     <li> rfc2822 "Sun, 31 Mar 2002 02:08:35 -0500"
   *     <li> custom "whatever you like"
   * </ul>
   *
   *
   */
00195   class DateFormatter {
  public:
    enum FormatType {
      CTime,      //< ctime "Sun Mar 31 02:08:35 2002"
      Localized,  //< localized "2002-03-31 02:08"
      Fancy,      //< fancy "Today 02:08:35"
      Iso,        //< iso  "2002-03-31 02:08:35"
      Custom      //< custom "whatever you like"
    };

    /**
     * constructor
     * @param fType default format used by the class
     */
    DateFormatter(FormatType fType = DateFormatter::Fancy);

    ~DateFormatter();

    /**
     * returns the currently set format
     */
    FormatType getFormat() const;
    /**
     * sets the currently used format
     */
    void setFormat(FormatType t);

    /**
     * returns formatted date string in a currently
     * set format.
     * @param otime time to format
     * @param lang used  <em>only</em> by the Localized format, sets the used language
     * @param shortFormat used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     * @param includeSecs used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     */
    QString dateString(time_t otime, const QString& lang = QString::null,
                   bool shortFormat = true, bool includeSecs=false) const;
    /**
     * overloaded, does exactly what #dateString does (it's slower)
     */
    QString dateString(const QDateTime& dtime, const QString& lang = QString::null,
                   bool shortFormat = true, bool includeSecs=false) const;


    /**
     * makes the class use the custom format for
     * date to string conversions.
     * Method accepts the same arguments
     * as QDateTime::toString method and adds
     * "Z" expression which is substituted with the
     * RFC-822 style numeric timezone (-0500)
     * @param format the custom format
     */
    void    setCustomFormat(const QString& format);
    QString getCustomFormat() const;

    /**
     * returns rfc2822 formatted string
     * @param otime time to use for formatting
     */
    QCString rfc2822(time_t otime) const;
    /**
     * resets the internal clock
     */
    void reset();

    //statics
    /** convenience function dateString
     * @param t specifies the FormatType to use
     * @param time time to format
     * @param data is either the format when FormatType is Custom, or language
     * when FormatType is Localized
     * @param shortFormat used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     * @param includeSecs used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     */
    static QString  formatDate( DateFormatter::FormatType t, time_t time,
                        const QString& data = QString::null,
                        bool shortFormat = true, bool includeSecs=false);

    /** convenience function, same as #formatDate
     * but returns the current time formatted
     * @param t specifies the FormatType to use
     * @param data is either the format when FormatType is Custom, or language
     * when FormatType is Localized
     * @param shortFormat used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     * @param includeSecs used <em>only</em> by the Localized format, is passed to KLocale::formatDateTime
     */
    static QString  formatCurrentDate( DateFormatter::FormatType t,
                               const QString& data = QString::null,
                               bool shortFormat = true, bool includeSecs=false);

    /** convenience function, same as #rfc2822 */
    static QCString rfc2822FormatDate( time_t time );
    static bool     isDaylight();
  protected:
    /**
     * returns fancy formatted date string
     * @param otime time to format
     * @internal
     */
    QString fancy(time_t otime) const ;
    /**
     * returns localized formatted date string
     * @param otime time to format
     * @param shortFormat
     * @param includeSecs
     * @param localeLanguage language used for formatting
     * @internal
     */
    QString localized(time_t otime, bool shortFormat = true, bool includeSecs = false,
                  const QString& localeLanguage=QString::null ) const;
    /**
     * returns string as formatted with ctime function
     * @internal
     */
    QString cTime(time_t otime) const;
    /**
     * returns a string in the "%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S" format
     * @internal
     */
    QString isoDate(time_t otime) const;

    /**
     * returns date formatted with the earlier
     * given custom format
     * @param t time used for formatting
     * @internal
     */
    QString custom(time_t t) const;
    /**
     * returns a string identifying the timezone (eg."-0500")
     * @internal
     */
    QCString zone(time_t otime) const;

    time_t qdateToTimeT(const QDateTime& dt) const;
  private:
    FormatType          mFormat;
    mutable time_t      mCurrentTime;
    mutable QDateTime   mDate;
    QString             mCustomFormat;
    static int          mDaylight;
  };

} // namespace KMime

#endif /* __KMIME_UTIL_H__ */

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